Solar Panel Simulator Circuit

Solar panel simulator is a robust tool that assists to simulate various features of the solar panel. To develop a solar panel simulator circuit for research process, we offer an in-depth instruction, along with a procedural flow, major elements, and design specifications: 


  1. Emulate the I-V Characteristics: The current-voltage (I-V) features of a solar panel have to be recreated by the simulator in a precise manner.
  2. Variable Conditions: To simulate various ranges of temperature and irradiance, it must enable adaptable parameters.
  3. Test Bed for Research: For the elements of the solar energy system, offer a replicable and constant test platform.

Elements and Tools Needed

  1. Microcontroller or FPGA: It is more useful for actual-time adaptations and regulation. Some of the instances involve Xilinx FPGA, STM32, or Arduino.
  2. Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC): Suitable for producing accurate output voltages.
  3. Power MOSFET or IGBT: Extensive current and voltage switching can be managed through these tools.
  4. Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amps): Useful for the regulation of current and voltage.
  5. Voltage and Current Sensors: It is appropriate for tracking the output.
  6. Load Resistor or Electronic Load: Ideal for changing the load states.
  7. Power Supply: Helpful in offering constant power to the circuit.
  8. Control Software: It is generally utilized to schedule FPGA or microcontroller for regulating the simulation.
  9. Multimeter and Oscilloscope: Useful for circuit assessment and repairing.

Design Specifications

  1. Voltage and Current Range: Consider the details of the actual solar panel that we aim to emulate, and the highest levels of voltage and current that the simulator requires to assist have to be decided.
  2. Dynamic Range: The simulator must have the ability to emulate extensive conditions ranging from low to high irradiance. So, assuring this aspect is crucial.
  3. Accuracy: To assure effective test outputs, intend for high preciseness in the recreation of I-V curve.
  4. Stability: For enabling coherent testing of the solar energy frameworks, the output must be constant.

Circuit Design Procedures

  1. I-V Curve Emulation

Emulating the I-V features of a solar panel is the major objective of the solar panel simulator. Creation of current and voltage is generally included in this emulation process. This creation must be aligned with the anticipated results of a solar panel based on particular constraints. 

  • Mathematical Model:
    • To define the I-V features, utilize a basic solar cell model. The generally employed model is single-diode: I=Iph−I0(eV+IRsnVt−1)−V+IRsRshI = I_{ph} – I_0 \left( e^{\frac{V + IR_s}{nV_t}} – 1 \right) – \frac{V + IR_s}{R_{sh}}I=Iph−I0(enVtV+IRs−1)−RshV+IRs, in which:
      • IphI_{ph}Iph denotes the photocurrent.
      • I0I_0I0 indicates the reverse saturation current.
      • VVV is the voltage throughout the panel.
      • RsR_sRs specifies the series resistance.
      • RshR_{sh}Rsh defines the shunt resistance.
      • nnn signifies the imaginary aspect
      • VtV_tVt represents the thermal voltage.
    • DAC and Microcontroller:
      • As a means to assess the anticipated output current and voltage in terms of the solar panel model, employ a microcontroller.
      • From the microcontroller, transform the digital output into an analog signal by utilizing a DAC.
    • Power Electronics:
      • For the regulation of the output current and voltage, a power MOSFET or IGBT guided by the microcontroller has to be used. To align with the estimated I-V features, the MOSFET serves as a variable resistor.
  1. Variable Load Conditions
  • Electronic Load:
    • To change the load resistance in a dynamic manner, we utilize an electronic load. Then, various load states have to be simulated.
    • For automatic testing, assure that the load can be regulated by means of microcontroller or in a manual way.
  • Feedback Control:
    • In order to conserve the anticipated output, a feedback loop has to be applied with op-amps. For assessing the output and offering reviews to the microcontroller, employ sensors.
  1. Adjustable Parameters
  • Irradiance Simulation:
    • For simulating various ranges of solar irradiance, append a control interface. Through the adaptation of photocurrent IphI_{ph}Iph in the mathematical model, this process can be accomplished efficiently.
  • Temperature Simulation:
    • The impact of temperature on the solar panel output must be simulated by encompassing a temperature coefficient adaptation.
  1. Control and Interface
  • User Interface:
    • To visualize the I-V curve and to alter various parameters such as temperature and irradiance, we plan to create a control interface with the aid of a software tool like LabVIEW or MATLAB.
  • Data Logging:
    • For the analysis process, store the output current, voltage, and other major parameters by combining data logging capability.

Sample Circuit Schematic

  1. Microcontroller-Based Control:
  • To regulate the DAC output, produce PWM signals by utilizing a microcontroller.
  • The DAC output has to be linked to the power MOSFET’s gate.
  • As a means to measure the output voltage, we employ a voltage divider. For actual-time adaptations, input this into the microcontroller.
  1. Power Stage:
  • Including the load and the output, deploy the power MOSFET in sequence.
  • To assess the output features and offer suggestions, voltage and current sensors must be integrated.
  1. Feedback and Adjustment:
  • For preserving the anticipated output features and signal conditioning, we utilize op-amps.
  • To adapt the MOSFET gate voltage for precise emulation, a PID controller has to be applied in the microcontroller.

Testing and Calibration

  1. Preliminary Testing:
  • By encompassing a familiar load, assess the circuit. With the anticipated I-V curve of an actual solar panel, the output features must be compared.
  1. Calibration:
  • Throughout the entire range of conditions, the output must align with the anticipated I-V features appropriately. To assure this, calibrate the framework through adapting the control parameters.
  1. Performance Assessment:
  • Specifically by altering the temperature and irradiance parameters and changing the load, the simulator performance has to be assessed. For the analysis procedure, log the data.


  1. MPPT Algorithm Testing:
  • In controlled states, assess and verify various MPPT methods through the utilization of the simulator.
  1. Component Testing:
  • Particularly in a controlled platform, the efficiency of major elements like inverters, charge controllers, and others should be assessed.
  1. Educational Purposes:
  • To depict the concepts of power electronics and solar energy, we employ the simulator in the form of a teaching tool.

What is the best Open Source Circuit Simulation software?

Numerous circuit simulation software choices are freely accessible and also useful for various research projects. Appropriate for the domain of electrical research, we suggest a few open source circuit simulation software, including concise outline, characteristics, applications, and potential constraints: 

  1. LTspice
  • Outline: LTspice is considered as more reputable circuit simulation software in the industry. Even though it is not an open source, it is highly utilized and free software.
  • Characteristics:
    • For simulating analog circuits, it offers a robust SPICE engine.
    • Extensive preciseness and rapid simulation performance.
    • Along with innovative power devices, it has a large-scale library of elements.
  • Applications: It is highly suitable for the simulation of complicated power electronic and analog circuits.
  • Constraints: LTspice is not freely accessible software. When compared to actual open-source software, adaptation is constrained in this software.
  1. Qucs (Quite Universal Circuit Simulator)
  • Outline: Qucs enables a vast array of simulation types and electrical elements. It is generally an open-source, freely accessible circuit simulator.
  • Characteristics:
    • Qucs is an extensive design capture interface.
    • Diverse libraries and component models are encompassed in this simulator.
    • It specifically facilitates the AC, DC, S-parameter, harmonic stabilization, and transient assessment.
  • Applications: It is more appropriate for the simulation of analog, RF, and integrated-signal circuits.
  • Constraints: Qucs committee continuously offers updates and assistance, though its progression has reduced.
  1. KiCad
  • Outline: An efficient circuit simulation tool known as ngspice is encompassed in the KiCad, which is majorly an openly available PCB design series.
  • Characteristics:
    • For circuit simulation, KiCad is combined with ngspice.
    • Particularly for PCB layout and design capture, it offers an accessible interface.
    • It enables the simulation of integrated-signal that combines digital and analog elements.
  • Applications: KiCad is more useful as a combined platform for circuit simulation and is suitable for PCB models.
  • Constraints: When integrated with ngspice, simulation abilities of KiCad are powerful, even though it is highly concentrated on PCB models.
  1. Ngspice
  • Outline: ngspice is primarily appropriate for several circuit simulation missions. It is examined as a freely accessible SPICE simulator.
  • Characteristics:
    • ngspice is relevant to the prominent SPICE engine.
    • It facilitates the combination with other major tools such as Qucs and KiCad.
    • Different kinds of circuit assessment are enabled by this simulator, such as AC, DC, noise, and transient assessment.
  • Applications: It is more ideal for the simulation of versatile digital and analog circuits.
  • Constraints: For learners who are not familiar with ngspice, command-line interface might be complex to learn.
  1. EasyEDA
  • Outline: EasyEDA provides circuit simulation as well as design capture with ngspice. It is specifically an online EDA tool.
  • Characteristics:
    • EasyEDA has no requirement for installation and is a web-based interface.
    • It encompasses simulation abilities of both integrated-signal and SPICE.
    • It has community-shared models and a wide range of component libraries.
  • Applications: Without software installation, it is more accessible for rapid model and simulation of circuit.
  • Constraints: Data confidentiality attention and internet connectivity are needed.
  1. SimulIDE
  • Outline: SimulIDE is majorly modeled for academic and non-experts objectives. It is an actual-time electronics simulator that is openly available.
  • Characteristics:
    • Facilitates the simulation of digital and analog circuits in actual-time.
    • With the intention of easy accessibility, it has a convenient interface.
    • It enables communicative debugging and microcontroller simulation.
  • Applications: It is highly appropriate for basic circuit modeling and academic objectives.
  • Constraints: For innovative circuit assessment and simulation, it has constrained abilities.
  1. OpenModelica
  • Outline: OpenModelica is modeled for complicated frameworks like electrical circuits. It is an open-source platform used for designing and simulation.
  • Characteristics:
    • For designing multi-domain frameworks, it enables Modelica language.
    • For mechanical, electrical, and thermal elements, it encompasses libraries.
    • Highly useful for system-level incorporation and simulation.
  • Applications: It is more suitable for complicated framework assessment and multi-domain simulation.
  • Constraints: For the users who have no expertise in Modelica language, learning it can be difficult.
  1. XCircuit
  • Outline: XCircuit can be utilized along with SPICE simulators such as ngspice. It is an openly accessible tool used for generating netlists and designing circuits.
  • Characteristics:
    • Development of publication-standard circuit diagrams is the major concentration.
    • Appropriate for SPICE-related simulators, it produces netlists.
    • For design capture, it is considered as an accessible interface.
  • Applications: For simulation, it helps to generate netlists, and also ideal for developing circuit diagrams.
  • Constraints: It does not encompass the abilities of simulation, and is restricted to design capture.
  1. Logisim Evolution
  • Outline: Logisim Evolution is useful for modeling and simulating digital logic circuits, and is examined as an open-source tool.
  • Characteristics:
    • It enables various digital elements such as flip-flops, logic gates, and others.
    • Facilitates communicative debugging and actual-time simulation.
    • For digital circuit models, it offers an accessible interface.
  • Applications: Logisim Evolution is more suitable for digital logic models and academic objectives.
  • Constraints: It offers no assistance for analog elements and is completely concentrated on digital circuits.
  1. KiCAD + ngspice
  • Outline: For circuit simulation as well as schematic design, a robust and combined open-source environment is provided through the integration of KiCAD with ngspice.
  • Characteristics:
    • By means of ngspice combination, it offers innovative simulation abilities.
    • Provides a wide range of component libraries and a huge committee.
    • It supports PCB model tools and extensive design capture.
  • Applications: Modeling and simulation of complicated PCB projects are supported by this tool, along with the combined digital and analog circuits.
  • Constraints: It is more robust and adaptable, though the combination needs general learning and arrangement.
Solar Panel Simulator Circuit Ideas

Solar Panel Simulator Circuit Topics & Ideas specializes in delivering original, polished, and inventive Solar Panel Simulator Circuit Topics & Ideas of superior quality. We offer performance evaluation and data implementation, proceeding with all tasks only upon your approval, ensuring completion at a reasonable cost.

  1. Distributed desalination using solar energy: A technoeconomic framework to decarbonize nontraditional water treatment
  2. Residential solar energy consumption and greenhouse gas nexus: Evidence from Morlet wavelet transforms
  3. The asymmetric nexus of solar energy and environmental quality: Evidence from Top-10 solar energy-consuming countries
  4. Enhancing energy–climate–economy sustainability in coastal cities through integration of seawater and solar energy
  5. Evaluation of using solar energy in Iran’s textile industry towards cleaner production: Sustainable planning and feasibility analysis
  6. Assessing the sustainability of natural resources using the five forces and value chain combined models: The influence of solar energy development
  7. Design of an ultra-wideband solar energy absorber with wide-angle and polarization independent characteristics
  8. Surface modification of TiO2 with a less expensive metal (iron) to exploit solar energy in photocatalysis: An ecological and economical solution
  9. Omnivision forecasting: Combining satellite and sky images for improved deterministic and probabilistic intra-hour solar energy predictions
  10. Enhanced thermal conductivity and photothermal effect of microencapsulated n-octadecane phase change material with calcium carbonate-polydopamine hierarchical shell for solar energy storage
  11. Planning research on rural integrated energy system based on coupled utilization of biomass-solar energy resources
  12. Advanced exergoeconomic and exergy performance assessments of a wind and solar energy powered hybrid dryer
  13. Performance evaluation of a ventilated roof desiccant bed by direct use of solar energy for zero-energy buildings
  14. A proposal for additively manufacturing printed circuits by employing concentrated solar energy
  15. A state-of-the-art review on the utilization of machine learning in nanofluids, solar energy generation, and the prognosis of solar power
  16. Tailoring and properties of a novel solar energy-triggered regenerative bionic fiber adsorbent for CO2 capture
  17. Spectral-splitting concentrator agrivoltaics for higher hybrid solar energy conversion efficiency
  18. Investigating the effect of 5E-based STEM education in solar energy context on creativity and academic achievement of female junior high school students
  19. Modelling and analysis of a novel hydrogen production approach by full spectrum solar energy
  20. Comprehensive assessment of solar energy and mechanical power driving hybrid two-stage chillers with deep intercooling for cold storages


How deal with significant issues ?

1. Novel Ideas

Novelty is essential for a PhD degree. Our experts are bringing quality of being novel ideas in the particular research area. It can be only determined by after thorough literature search (state-of-the-art works published in IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, ACM, ScienceDirect, Inderscience, and so on). SCI and SCOPUS journals reviewers and editors will always demand “Novelty” for each publishing work. Our experts have in-depth knowledge in all major and sub-research fields to introduce New Methods and Ideas. MAKING NOVEL IDEAS IS THE ONLY WAY OF WINNING PHD.

2. Plagiarism-Free

To improve the quality and originality of works, we are strictly avoiding plagiarism since plagiarism is not allowed and acceptable for any type journals (SCI, SCI-E, or Scopus) in editorial and reviewer point of view. We have software named as “Anti-Plagiarism Software” that examines the similarity score for documents with good accuracy. We consist of various plagiarism tools like Viper, Turnitin, Students and scholars can get your work in Zero Tolerance to Plagiarism. DONT WORRY ABOUT PHD, WE WILL TAKE CARE OF EVERYTHING.

3. Confidential Info

We intended to keep your personal and technical information in secret and it is a basic worry for all scholars.

  • Technical Info: We never share your technical details to any other scholar since we know the importance of time and resources that are giving us by scholars.
  • Personal Info: We restricted to access scholars personal details by our experts. Our organization leading team will have your basic and necessary info for scholars.


4. Publication

Most of the PhD consultancy services will end their services in Paper Writing, but our is different from others by giving guarantee for both paper writing and publication in reputed journals. With our 18+ year of experience in delivering PhD services, we meet all requirements of journals (reviewers, editors, and editor-in-chief) for rapid publications. From the beginning of paper writing, we lay our smart works. PUBLICATION IS A ROOT FOR PHD DEGREE. WE LIKE A FRUIT FOR GIVING SWEET FEELING FOR ALL SCHOLARS.

5. No Duplication

After completion of your work, it does not available in our library i.e. we erased after completion of your PhD work so we avoid of giving duplicate contents for scholars. This step makes our experts to bringing new ideas, applications, methodologies and algorithms. Our work is more standard, quality and universal. Everything we make it as a new for all scholars. INNOVATION IS THE ABILITY TO SEE THE ORIGINALITY. EXPLORATION IS OUR ENGINE THAT DRIVES INNOVATION SO LET’S ALL GO EXPLORING.

Client Reviews

I ordered a research proposal in the research area of Wireless Communications and it was as very good as I can catch it.

- Aaron

I had wishes to complete implementation using latest software/tools and I had no idea of where to order it. My friend suggested this place and it delivers what I expect.

- Aiza

It really good platform to get all PhD services and I have used it many times because of reasonable price, best customer services, and high quality.

- Amreen

My colleague recommended this service to me and I’m delighted their services. They guide me a lot and given worthy contents for my research paper.

- Andrew

I’m never disappointed at any kind of service. Till I’m work with professional writers and getting lot of opportunities.

- Christopher

Once I am entered this organization I was just felt relax because lots of my colleagues and family relations were suggested to use this service and I received best thesis writing.

- Daniel

I recommend They have professional writers for all type of writing (proposal, paper, thesis, assignment) support at affordable price.

- David

You guys did a great job saved more money and time. I will keep working with you and I recommend to others also.

- Henry

These experts are fast, knowledgeable, and dedicated to work under a short deadline. I had get good conference paper in short span.

- Jacob

Guys! You are the great and real experts for paper writing since it exactly matches with my demand. I will approach again.

- Michael

I am fully satisfied with thesis writing. Thank you for your faultless service and soon I come back again.

- Samuel

Trusted customer service that you offer for me. I don’t have any cons to say.

- Thomas

I was at the edge of my doctorate graduation since my thesis is totally unconnected chapters. You people did a magic and I get my complete thesis!!!

- Abdul Mohammed

Good family environment with collaboration, and lot of hardworking team who actually share their knowledge by offering PhD Services.

- Usman

I enjoyed huge when working with PhD services. I was asked several questions about my system development and I had wondered of smooth, dedication and caring.

- Imran

I had not provided any specific requirements for my proposal work, but you guys are very awesome because I’m received proper proposal. Thank you!

- Bhanuprasad

I was read my entire research proposal and I liked concept suits for my research issues. Thank you so much for your efforts.

- Ghulam Nabi

I am extremely happy with your project development support and source codes are easily understanding and executed.

- Harjeet

Hi!!! You guys supported me a lot. Thank you and I am 100% satisfied with publication service.

- Abhimanyu

I had found this as a wonderful platform for scholars so I highly recommend this service to all. I ordered thesis proposal and they covered everything. Thank you so much!!!

- Gupta